The caffeine levels
s are often misunderstood and incorrectly listed. For example, many people think that green tea
is always lower in caffeine
than black tea, and some people think that white tea
is naturally low in caffeine. Get the facts behind tea and caffeine with this guide to factors influencing caffeine levels in teas.
Caffeine-Free "Tea" vs. Decaf Tea
Although there are many naturally caffeine-free herbal teas / tisanes
, there are no naturally caffeine-free "true teas" (teas made from Camellia sinensis
, such as green tea, black tea and white tea).
Contrary to popular belief, decaf
teas are NOT caffeine free. They still contain caffeine.
For about a decade, there was a popular caffeine myth surrounding at-home tea decaffeination
. According to this myth, you could decaffeinate tea at home by steeping it for about 30 seconds, pouring out the tea, and then brewing it again. This has been scientifically shown to be incorrect. It does not decaffeinate your tea.
Caffeine by Type: Black Tea, Green Tea, White Tea & More
Traditionally, many people have thought of teas' caffeine levels as being associated with tea "types,"
such as black tea
, green tea
and white tea
. More recently, scientific testing has shown that variations in caffeine levels of different tea types
have more to do with how they are brewed than how they were processed into tea.
For example, if you brew your white tea at a low brewing temperature
for a short infusion time
, then it will be much lower in caffeine than if you brew it like a black tea.
In fact, brewing a white tea as you would brew a black tea (with boiling or near-boiling water for four to five minutes) could produce a cup of white tea that is HIGHER in caffeine than black tea.
For more on green tea and caffeine, read the FAQ How Much Caffeine is in Green Tea?
Caffeine & Brewing Style
Brewing methods and styles can have a large impact on a tea's caffeine level. Using a higher water temperature, longer brewing time
or higher ratio of tealeaves to water will increase the caffeine level of your brew. Using teabags can also influence your tea's caffeine level (see "Caffeine Levels in Different Tea Grades" below).
Caffeine Levels in Different Tea Grades
are categories assigned to teas based on how whole or broken the leaves are. Generally speaking, broken leaves will impart more caffeine into your brew faster than whole leaves. Teabags often hold very broken grades of tea, so they tend to have higher levels of caffeine. (For more information, see teabags vs. whole-leaf tea
Tea grades also assess how "tippy" a tea is. The ratio of tips in a tea can also impact its caffeine level.
Tea Tips, Tea Stems & Caffeine Levels
Tea tips / buds
(the newly formed leaves of the tea plant
that are often used to make white tea) are generally known to be higher in antioxidants and nutrients than older tea leaves
. However, few people realize that they are also higher in caffeine than older tea leaves.
In terms of the pure leaf, many white teas from outside of Fujian, China are higher in caffeine than black teas
simply because they are made with more tips / buds. Similarly, tippy
black teas and green teas
will be higher in caffeine than their leafy counterparts.
Conversely, tea stems contain very little caffeine. Teas like Hojicha
are made from "twigs" (stems) and are naturally very low in caffeine.
Caffeine Levels of Tea Varietals
tea varietal is higher in caffeine than other tea varietals. The Assamica
varietal is primarily grown in Assam, India
and used to make bold, tannic black teas, such as English Breakfast tea.
The so-called "white tea varietals" (China's tea varietals #1 and #2) are naturally lower in caffeine (and higher in antioxidants) than other varietals. For this reason, white teas grown from these varietals (such as Fujian Silver Needles
and White Peony
) are also lower in caffeine and higher in antioxidants than many other teas. However, there are some "white teas" made from other varietals in other parts of the world, and these white teas are not as low in caffeine. One example of this is White Darjeeling
, which is made from varietals with higher caffeine levels, and is mostly made of tea tips (which naturally contain more caffeine than opened leaves or stems).
Caffeine in Shade-Grown Teas
Generally speaking, shade-grown teas (such as Gyokuro Green Tea
) will have higher levels of caffeine than other teas. This phenomenon has to do with a shift in chlorophyll and other chemicals that occurs when netting is used to shade the leaves from sun in the days or weeks prior to harvest.
Caffeine Levels of Powdered Teas
Powdered teas (such as Matcha Green Tea
) are usually very high in caffeine. This is because you consume the entire leaf rather than just an infusion of the leaf, so you consume all of its caffeine instead of just some of it.
Matcha powdered tea is especially high in caffeine because it is shade grown (see "Caffeine in Shade-Grown Teas" above).
Caffeine Release in Twisted / Rolled Teas
Teas that are highly rolled or twisted may release caffeine more slowly than leaves that are flat or open. This tends to apply to certain types of oolong teas
, which are typically brewed many times in a gaiwan or yixing teapot
. It is not known whether the overall release of caffeine over multiple infusions is comparable to the caffeine release of single infusion a similar, but less twisted / rolled, tea.
Tea Blends & Caffeine Levels
Teas that have been blended with other ingredients (such as mint or masala chai spices
) will often have lower caffeine levels than unblended teas. This is because people often brew them with the same ratio of tea to water (such as one teaspoon per cup), but the total amount of tea leaf used is lower, as it has been partially replaced by herbs.