Like Turkish Coffee, Greek Coffee is made with a fine grind of coffee (sometimes called a "Turkish grind") that is boiled in a tall, narrow pot known as a briki, cezve or an ibrik. Greek Coffee is served with grounds in the cup (often a demitasse cup), and the grounds are allowed to settle as the coffee is slowly sipped. The relaxed pace of drinking Greek Coffee makes it ideal for social gatherings, so it is not uncommon to see people conversing over Greek Coffee at a local cafeteria (a Greek cafe for men and women) or kafeneio (a Greek coffee house for men), and Greek Coffee is often served to visitors and guests in Greek homes. One study showed that the typical Greek coffee break lasted over 90 minutes -- ample time to chat, catch up, gossip... and let those grounds settle.
There are four main styles of Greek Coffee:
- Unsweetened, or sketos (pronounced SKEH-tohss)
- Somewhat sweet, or metrios (pronounced MEHT-ree-ohss)
- Sweet, or glykos (pronounced ghlee-KOHSS)
- Very sweet, or vary glykos (pronounced vah-REE ghlee-KOHSS)
- The grounds / dregs, which settle to the bottom of the cup
- The liquid coffee, which is strong and thick
- The foam (or kaïmaki, pronounced kaee-MAH-kee), which should be rich
You can learn to make your own Greek Coffee with this excellent photo tutorial on How to Make Greek Coffee from Nancy Gaifyllia, About.com's former guide to Greek Food.
If you're interested in learning about another style of coffee that's popular in Greece, the Frappe, check out these video recipes for Espresso Frappes and Cherry Frappes.