Coffee can be made many different ways, and the method you choose can have an effect on the taste of your final cup.
This is likely the method you are most familiar with, as nearly every home in the country has a basic coffee maker like this. Coffee grounds are placed in a filter basket inside the machine, and the internal reservoir is filled with water. The machine heats the water and the hot water drips through the grounds into a glass carafe to produce brewed coffee. It's fairly simple, quick and the machines are inexpensive. It's the preferred method for most people because the entire process is automatic and requires no skill on your part.
The french press, is also known as a plunger pot, and is another very popular way to make coffee. Your coffee grounds are added directly to a pot of hot water, and after they "steep", you press down a plunger inside the pot to strain the grounds to the bottom of the pot. It's another pretty simple way to make coffee, and is a preferred method for those who don't really make enough coffee to warrant another piece of kitchen equipment.
Though the percolator has fallen out of favour over the years, it's still used (mainly by older coffee drinkers who have always used one). Admittedly, the coffee is not going to be of the highest quality when brewed with a percolator, but I felt it should still be included since people do use them. A basket of grounds is placed in a kettle, and the water is boiled. The boiling water bubbles up through the grounds, where you can see it in a glass bubble at the top of the percolator. When it gets to the right darkness to your taste, it's ready.
Now we're getting into some of the more exotic methods of brewing coffee. These are quite beautiful to look at, but you aren't likely going to find one in your average kitchen. The device has 2 jars, connected on an elaborate, balanced stand. Coffee grounds go in one jar, and water in the other. The water is heated and it flows over to the jar with the grounds. As the water continues to boil, the water jar eventually empties and the stand then tips to the side and the brewed coffee flows back to the water jar. Follow the link for a more detailed description of how this brewer works. Sounds odd, but it's really quite elegant.
Like the balancing siphon mentioned above, you're not that likely going to find an ibrik in your average North American kitchen. An ibrik is a small metal cup on the end of a fairly long handle, and is a Turkish tool for making coffee. The pot is narrower at the top than at the bottom, which is an important feature. The cup is filled with water, and a spoon of finely ground coffee is added on top. The powdered coffee "caps" the water, and as the boiling water bubbles it steeps through the grounds. After the water foams up 3 times, then you know the coffee is done.
6. Vacuum PotA vacuum pot has 2 chambers, a lower one and an upper one, attached together with a filter. Water goes in the bottom, and coffee grounds in the top. It's placed on a heat source, and as the water heats up, it is forced upwards to mix with the coffee grounds. When the pot is removed from the heat, the cooling lower chamber than sucks all the brewed coffee back down through the filter (which keeps the coffee grounds in the top). Leaving you with fresh brewed coffee in the lower part of the vacuum pot.
This isn't actually for making coffee, but rather espresso. These small metal pots have a bottom and top section, with a cup between them to hold the coffee grounds. Water is placed in the bottom, then the filter cup and top chamber are screwed on. When placed on a heat source, the water boils and is forced up through the coffee grounds under pressure and the finished espresso accumulates in the top section. A nice option if you don't want to spend the bucks on an automatic espresso machine.